A Spanish island in the Mediterranean, Mallorca (also known as Majorca) is the largest and the most admired among the Baleares (Balearic) Islands, with the others being Ibliza, Formentera and Menorca. The island is also the second most populous island in Spain after Tenerife. It is made of about 3 600 square km, 110 km SW-NE and 70 km in length land area and a vast coastline of around 250 miles. There are two mountainous regions on the island and each around 70 km wide, one in the north-west with the highest peak Puig Major (1 445 m) and one in the south-east with the highest accessible peak Puig de Massanella (1 364 m). On the other hand, most of the island’s south coast is lined with rocky cliffs interrupted by beaches and coves, with the interior that is largely made up of the lush plain known as Es Pla. And on the east coast is an almost nonstop string of sandy bays and open beaches, which continues to attract majority of the island’s tourists.
Mallorca has two spoken languages, the Mallorquí which is the island’s own language, a regional modification of the Catalan language and the Castellano which is known as Spanish outside Spain. Typically most Majorcan (resident of Mallorca) speaks both languages and also has some knowledge of German and English since they are the large number of tourists that visit the island each year.
Mallorca´s produce includes almonds, olives, oranges, wines and the island’s famous high-class simulated pearls. However tourism has been the island’s main source of revenue since the 1950s. Today, the island accommodates millions of tourists, which has opened tourism related opportunities for business ventures and work for more than half of the island’s population. As a result, the tourism industry has aided the significant growth in the country’s economy and accounts for roughly 80% of Majorca’s GDP.