Talking of the history of Mallorca, an island of Spain has to make us recall its history of invasions before we can learn how it came to be what we know of it to be, today. Its history may be as long as its shoreline should we say. What actually makes it attractive to a cornucopia of conquerors, invaders, settlers, and tourist that have all contributed to its richness and vital history is its long coast measuring about 5,547 km or 3,439 miles.
It was about the 13th century when the Catalans took back the island from the moors that its history began through a strain of active trade, which in a way was then still primitive with others in the western Mediterranean in which time as well quantity of arms were found in their dwellings. Hence, it only does mean that the island is far from being calm during that period. Later, it was noted that the place had been then called the “island of Calm”.
Since it is within and through the great trading routes crossing the Mediterranean Sea it became an important commercial center first with the Phoenicians, and then the Carthaginian traders. During the 7th to the 8th century it has been told that the Mallorcan honderos (stone slingers) fought for the Carthaginians in the Punic wars.
A time came when piracy was rife in the Balearas in where the winning Romans tired of it finally went on to conquer Mallorca through and organized expedition and settled there. It was Quinto Cecilio Metelo who led the conquest around 123 BC. From then on, in about five and a half century its fortune and its changes rested with Roman history. Historians believe that at the time there were two major centers; Pollentia (beside Alcudia) and Palma. After a few centuries more of ‘ups and downs’ under the successive domination of the Vandals and the Byzantines, the Muslims began 200 years of attacks on the island at the beginning of the 8th century. In 902 the entire archipelago was annexed to the Emirate of Cordoba.
If it was Roman culture that did much impact on the social norms and patterns of the Mallorcan it was the influence of the Moors that probably brought about the advance of agriculture, craft and commerce, and contribution to the island’s folklore, language and cuisine.