Mallorca (also known as Majorca) is Spain’s largest Balearic Islands, with over 2,000 years of intriguing culture and historical background. It is a promising tourist destination with culture, heritage and history preserved for visitors to discover. A journey through the history of Mallorca from the first known human settlement to the present day is very interesting. The island still house many fascinating sites of historical importance to explore, including the Capocorb Vell, Castell d’Alaró, Palma Cathedral and Pollença.
Historians describe Spanish island of Mallorca as being a paradise full of vegetable gardens, fountains and the end of the four main cultural periods (Talaiotic, Roman, Arab and Christian), which can be confirm by some traces of their existence. During the Iron Age, it is said to support the Talaiotic culture with the society’s structures remain on the island today. In the 123 BC, it was conquered by Quint Cecili Metel (Quinto Cecilio Metelo), as a result the Baleares joined the Roman Empire and they even made used of the remains of a Talaiotic settlement. The islands are Christianized in the second century AD. In 707, the Muslims started attacking the island until they conquered it completely and named the city as ‘Medina Mayurka’. After 4 centuries of Arab dominance on the island, they had strongly influence its’ culture. However, only a few traces of this period were left to prove their existence (apart from the layout of the old quarter and the Arab baths) it is still evident in people’s way of life, their cuisine, customs and their folklore. In fact there are over 4000 words in the Spanish vocabulary that are Arabic in origin. Lead by Catalan King Jaume I of Aragon, Mallorca was taken over by the Christians on December 3, 1229, after three months of war. The city then became known as ‘Ciutat de Mallorca’. This named was used officially until 1717, when the Roman renamed it to ‘Palma de Mallorca’, although most Mallorcans still prefer to call their city as ‘Ciutat’.
The island’s rich culture, history and sites that it entailed had awaken tourist’s curiosity to visit and explore its’ wonders. Since 1950s, Mallorca emerged as one of the most visited tourist destinations in Europe. As a result, Mallorca’s economy has incredibly increased and escorted the island to become one of the richest Spanish regions.